611 W. Union Street
Benson, AZ 85602
(520) 586-0800

Health Choice Integrated Care crisis Line
1-877-756-4090

AzCH Nurse Assist Line
1-866-495-6735

NAZCARE Warm Line
1-888-404-5530



SEABHS
611 W. Union Street
Benson, AZ 85602
(520) 586-0800

AzCH Nurse Assist Line
1-866-495-6735

NAZCARE Warm Line
1-888-404-5530


powered by centersite dot net

Getting Started
Here are some forms to get started. These can be printed and brought with you so that you can pre-fill out some known info ahead of time. More...


Medical Disorders
Resources
Basic InformationLookupsLatest News
CDC Warns of Drug-Resistant Salmonella in Beef, CheeseJust One Pill for All Your Heart Health Needs? It's On the WayMixing Marijuana With Opioids May Not Be Good for Mental HealthLarge Opioid Rx After Heart, Lung Surgery Often Leads to Misuse: StudyWhy Diet Sodas Aren't the Answer for Your Sugary Drink CravingsTB Cases Drop Among the Young, But Racial Disparities PersistCases of Lung Injury Tied to Vaping Keep RisingFish Oil Not a Magic Pill Against DiabetesFacing Up to a Lesser Known Form of Migraine PainDirty Air Is Deadly, Global Study ConfirmsSmoggy Air Might Contribute to Macular DegenerationMore Antibiotics, Higher Odds for Colon Cancer?The Merits of Physical TherapyVaping Constricts Blood Vessels, Raising Heart, Lung ConcernsWhen Does Heart Health Return to Normal After Quitting Smoking?New Antibiotic Approved for Community-Acquired Bacterial PneumoniaImplant Approved to Improve Symptoms in Advanced Heart Failure'No Quick Fix' for A-Fib, But Cardiologist Says You Can Help Prevent ItAHA News: Why Do Women Get Statins Less Frequently Than Men?'Dr. Google' Helps Some Patients Diagnose a Rare DiseaseHealth Tip: Recognizing a Staph InfectionIs Dairy Fat Different?CDC Recommends Catch-Up HPV Vaccination for Young AdultsHow to Relieve Dry, Irritated EyesPretomanid Approved for Treatment of Drug-Resistant TBAHA News: Tiring Easily May Warn of Future Heart TroubleAmerica's Obesity Epidemic May Mean Some Cancers Are Striking SoonerHeavy Smog as Bad as Pack-a-Day Smoking for LungsConcussed NFL Players Sidelined for Much Longer NowadaysHormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer Might Harm the Heart: StudyObesity and 'Spare Tire' Raise Hispanics' Odds for Early DeathAHA News: Protein Made During Long Workouts May Warn of Heart ProblemsHow to Help Your Heart Weather Extreme HeatHealth Threats Don't End for Some Sepsis SurvivorsHeat Waves Brought by Climate Change Could Prove Deadly for Kidney PatientsHealth Tip: Avoiding AnemiaAre You Still Putting Off Colon Cancer Screening?Tips for Preventing DiverticulitisFDA Reports More Seizures Among VapersKids Getting Too Many Opioids After TonsillectomyCan Major Surgeries Cause a Long-Term 'Brain Drain'?How Much Coffee Is Too Much for Migraine Sufferers?Steady Stream of Lesser Head Hits in Football Can Still Damage BrainDon't Sweat It: Hyperhydrosis Can Be TreatedFast-Food Joints on Your Way to Work? Your Waistline May WidenAdults Need Vaccines, TooHealth Tip: Managing Arthritis of the Hands'Selfies' Might Someday Track Your Blood PressureIn Heat Waves, Fans May Do More Harm Than GoodSmoking Creates Long-Lasting Risk for Clogged Leg Arteries
Questions and AnswersLinksBook Reviews
Related Topics

Cancer
Men's Health
Women's Health

Polar Vortex Brings Frostbite Danger: Protect Yourself

HealthDay News
by -- E.J. Mundell
Updated: Jan 31st 2019

new article illustration

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Minus 29 Fahrenheit in Fargo, minus 28 in Minneapolis, minus 13 in Des Moines.

With potential record-setting low temperatures ahead for much of the nation, one expert warns that frostbite can quickly strike exposed skin.

"With wind chills approaching the single digits and below zero, it is possible to develop 'frostnip' with progression to frostbite in exposed areas in as little as 20 to 30 minutes," said emergency medicine physician Dr. Robert Glatter.

Frostnip is the first stage of frostbite. At this point, skin turns red and irritated, but there's no permanent damage, said Glatter, who practices at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City.

"You can treat mild cases of frostnip with simple re-warming of the skin with warm water," he said. However, "severe frostbite requires immediate medical attention, because it can cause permanent damage to skin, underlying tissue, as well as bones and muscle, and may lead to complications including infection, and nerve damage," Glatter warned.

With full-blown frostbite, the skin and tissue just beneath it freezes. According to the Mayo Clinic, frostbite first leaves the skin feeling warm, but as it progresses numbness sets in, and joints and muscles stop working. In severe cases, frostbitten tissue turns hard and black, and dies.

Frostnip and frostbite tend to affect smaller and more exposed areas of the body, such as the nose, fingers, toes, ears, cheeks and chin, Glatter said.

"Small blood vessels that supply these areas are at higher risk for frostbite," he explained.

Some people are at higher odds for frostbite than others, meaning that it may take even less exposure time for the condition to set in, he noted. People at higher risk include smokers, people with diabetes or peripheral vascular disease, and those who take heart medicines called beta blockers.

"Diabetics with neuropathy may not be able to feel their feet, and so they remain at high risk for frostbite of the feet as well as hands," Glatter said.

What if you do get frostbite?

"Don't place a frostbitten extremity in hot water before you get to the emergency department, unless there will be a significant delay to initial care and treatment," Glatter added.

"In general," he said, "it's advisable to allow emergency department personnel to begin the rewarming process, since it can lead to greater damage to the extremity as well as a greater drop in core body temperature if not done properly."

Of course, the best way to stay safe from sub-zero weather is to stay inside where it's warm. But if you must go out, dress appropriately.

It is most important to dress in layers, Glatter said, "and to keep your head and face well-covered since this is an important area at risk for heat loss as well as frostbite. At the same time, it's also important to pay extra attention to footwear and type of socks to reduce risk for frostbite."

In addition, "wearing warm wool gloves or mittens is essential, and wearing two pairs of thick wool socks, along with well-insulated boots, reduces the risk of developing frostbite," he said.

Even your eyes are at risk from icy blasts.

"In sub-zero temperatures, contact lenses can freeze on the cornea, making removal problematic," Glatter warned. "It's advisable to wear protective goggles to insulate the eyes and retain warmth, helping to reduce the risk of the lenses freezing on the corneal surface," he said.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more on frostbite.