|Basic InformationLookupsLatest News|A Shot of Caffeine May Speed Wake-Up After AnesthesiaZika Hijacks Pregnant Woman's Immune SystemHernia Patients May Need Fewer Opioids After Surgery, Study FindsHealth Tip: Prevent DehydrationTravel Tips for Contact Lens WearersHigher Odds of Infection With Reduced Kidney FunctionMost Ulcerative Colitis Patients Do Not Achieve Target RemissionOral Contraceptive Use Linked to Lower Rheumatoid Arthritis RiskKidney Disease May Boost Odds of InfectionZika May Not Last in Semen as Long as ThoughtVirtual House Calls for Speedy, Effective Parkinson's CareNearly 4 Million Worldwide Die Each Year From Asthma, COPDPowerful New Cholesterol Med Won't Harm Memory, Easing ConcernsDiverse Spectrum of Neurologic Syndromes Seen With ZikaExposure to Particulate Matter Linked to Metabolic AlterationsAir Purifiers May Help the Smog-Stressed Heart'Fat But Fit' a Myth?Statin Use Among Nursing Home Residents Varies SignificantlyZika Virus Tied to Neurological Woes in AdultsAn Expert's Guide to Preventing Food PoisoningHeart Risk Up if Hospitalized for Pneumonia or SepsisSinging May Be Good Medicine for Parkinson's PatientsCPAP Doesn't Alter Renal Function in Coexisting OSA, CVDWhen Stress Hormone Falters, Your Health May SufferKidney Disease May Boost Risk of Abnormal HeartbeatCertain Jobs Linked to Raised Risk of Rheumatoid ArthritisMidlife Vascular Risk Factors Tied to Increased Risk of DementiaHigher Risk of CVD Persists After Hospital Stay for Severe InfectionAntibiotic Doesn't Prevent Lung Complication After Stem Cell TransplantHealth Tip: One of Three Adults Gets ShinglesBlood Pressure Fluctuations Tied to Dementia Risk in StudyDecline in Kids' Ear Infections Linked to Pneumococcal VaccineFDA Approves Mavyret for Hepatitis CDoes Less Sleep Make You Less Healthy?Diabetes Drug Shows Promise Against Parkinson'sReview Suggests Benefits of Aerobic Exercise in FibromyalgiaNovel Procedure Improves Kidney Transplant SuccessABP 501, Adalimumab Biosimilar, Safe and Effective, for PsoriasisSimilar Defects ID'd for T2DM, Chronic Pancreatitis and DiabetesScientists Gain Insight Into AllergiesHealth Tip: Cooling a Heat RashKnow the Signs of ConcussionDo Your Pearly Whites Sometimes Cause You Pain?Rates of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Down in Rural AreasZika Probably Not Spread Through Saliva: StudyDrug for Kidney Disease Tied to Infection RiskGum Disease May Be Linked to Cancer Risk in Older WomenStent Surgery Could Benefit Select Glaucoma PatientsBlood Proteins Linked to Severity of Chronic Fatigue SyndromeDrowning Can Occur Hours After SwimmingQuestions and AnswersLinksBook Reviews
New Bowel Disorder Treatments Needed, FDA Says
by -- Robert Preidt
Updated: Apr 17th 2017
MONDAY, April 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There's no known cause or cure for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which affects more than 15 million Americans, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
The disorder involves the large intestine (colon). It causes symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, cramping, excessive gas, mucus in the stool, and changes in bowel habits (constipation and/or diarrhea).
No single treatment is effective in all IBS patients, so there's a need to develop new therapies for the condition, said Dr. Tara Altepeter.
Altepeter, an FDA gastroenterologist, noted that the agency is working to make more treatments available to patients.
"There's a lot of new research about the role of carbohydrates, and specifically a nutrient called polyols, in triggering irritable bowel syndrome in some patients," Altepeter said in an FDA news release.
"In addition, researchers are more closely examining the role of dietary modification as a treatment for patients with IBS," she added.
Current treatments for IBS include changes in diet and nutrition, and exercise. Some patients take medications to manage their symptoms, but there are no medications to cure IBS.
"IBS is not like other chronic conditions, such as hypertension, which is constant. IBS is a variable condition. Even without treatment, the problem might go away in some patients. But the symptoms might return after a few months," Altepeter said.
IBS symptoms can be triggered by certain foods, including those high in carbohydrates, spicy or fatty foods, milk products, coffee, alcohol and caffeine.
"Drugs are a last option. Patients should try dietary modifications, relaxation techniques, and other lifestyle changes, such as exercise, before resorting to medication," Altepeter said.
Many people with IBS also have to deal with depression, anxiety and other mental health problems.
"Some people suffer from depression and IBS. The question is what's primary or secondary -- what came first?" Altepeter said. "Either way, antidepressants are not a cure for IBS."
The U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases has more on IBS.
This article: Copyright © 2017 HealthDay. All rights reserved.